The next article stresses the significance of the truth that the Occasions Literary Complement included Sir C P Snow’s e book, ‘Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution’, in its record of the 100 books that the majority influenced Western public discourse for the reason that Second World Battle (‘The Occasions’ London. 30 December 2008).
Funding is now urgently wanted for analysis into the Platonic Medical Science for Moral Ends which has been derived from advancing Snow’s human survival theories. The next abstract of analysis already undertaken by the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia, units out a framework for additional analysis and actions which may facilitate the funding required by way of the sale of related paintings.
The Pioneering of Platonic Fullerene Chemistry
Professor Robert Pope, born in Bendigo on December 1939, is listed as a Science-Artwork artist-philosopher in Who’s Who of the World. He’s additionally an Enzinearticle International Movie star Writer and the daddy of Platonic Fullerene Chemistry. In 2009 he obtained a Gold Medal Laureate, awarded by the Telesio-Galilei Academy of Science, London. He labored with the late former Head of the Improvement Sector of the AEG-Telefunken Institute of Automated Management in Frankfurt, Hamburg and Berlin, Professor Wolfgang Weber, to determine the premise of Buckminster Fuller’s World Recreation Principle, with a view to implement C P Snow’s human survival theories by way of supercomputers. As Director of the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia Integrated, Robert Pope authored a brand new e book, ‘The 21st Century Renaissance’, revealed in 2012, in liaison with Florence College’s New Measurement of Humanity Venture.
Pope launched the Pope Artwork Gallery in Alice Springs in Central Australia in 1994 and two years later gained the inaugural Northern Territory Caltex Artwork Award, later to grow to be the Alice Artwork Prize. He started to use information from his earlier skilled work, in seismic laptop mapping, to take away what he known as ‘noise interfering with the human artistic course of,’ honouring the survival theories of Sir C P Snow. In the course of the 1970s he organised at his personal expense and in collaboration with the Western Australian Division of Native Welfare, a particular artwork faculty for deprived aboriginal kids. From these experiences, Pope believed that Western Science, by ignoring human creativity physics rules, had been constructed on false scientific assumptions, which C P Snow had warned would destroy civilisation. In 2008, ‘The Occasions Literary Complement’ included Snow’s ‘Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution’ in its record of 100 books that the majority influenced Western Public discourse for the reason that Second World Battle.
21st Century Renaissance: Timeline to Infinity
The fruits of years of devoted and meticulous analysis was marked with the publication in 2012 of the e book, ‘The 21st Century Renaissance’, by the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia, directed by Robert Pope. The next timeline traces Robert Pope’s lengthy journey which led to this publication.
The reunification of Science and Artwork Venture
1972: The Artwork Academy of Western Australia Surroundings Division Publication (Australian Nationwide Library Archives) introduced that the artist Robert Pope and the eminent geologist Dr John Daniels (The brand new mineral ‘Danielsite’ was named in his honour) have been working collectively to reunite science with artwork. Robert Pope had grow to be satisfied that the theories of Sir C P Snow had been given rigorous scientific construction by the American engineer Buckminster Fuller. This was later confirmed six years later inside Fuller’s biography, written by Harvard College’s Novartis Professor, Amy Edmondson, who said that Fuller had derived his synergistic universe from Platonic arithmetic. The arithmetic was the premise of C P Snow’s historic Greek inventive tradition.
1973: The artist Robert Pope was awarded a Western Australian Bursary to additional his analysis into Sir C P Snow’s ideas about bridging the tradition hole between science and artwork. Pope argued that Fuller’s e book ‘Utopia or Oblivion’ totally supported Snow’s theories.
1974: The Australian Nationwide Bulletin featured Pope’s Science-Artwork theories. A letter to the editor of the Bulletin, written by Professor John Frodsham, Head of the Faculty of Human Communications at Murdoch College, Western Australia, claimed that Robert Pope was the primary artist dwelling to have crossed the C P Snowline. The artist later delivered a lecture on ‘Crossing the Snowline’, on the College of Western Australia, to eminent visiting black gap physicists.
1978: Robert Pope obtained a Science-Artwork Residency on the Waite Analysis Institute of the College of Adelaide. The Australian Division of International Affairs organized an official go to between the artist and Princeton College’s Black Gap physicist, Remo Ruffini, throughout his Australian lecture tour. The Science Division of Australian Nationwide Tv recorded the artist’s theories on movie. Ruffini organised for UNESCO to ask Robert Pope to attend the 1979 Second Marcell Grossmann Assembly on Basic Relativity on the Worldwide Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, as a Particular Australian Science-Artwork delegate.
In direction of the 21st Century Renaissance: The Improvement of C P Snow’s Theories
1979: ABC Tv screened Robert Pope’s Science-Artwork documentary into their worldwide eight half collection entitled The Scientists-Profiles of Discovery. His documentary was subtitled ‘Pope the Catalyst’. The Commonwealth Division of Commerce and Export Improvement awarded a grant to publish Robert Pope’s Science-Artwork e book for distribution to delegates attending the World Summit Assembly in Trieste, held to have a good time the 100th Anniversary of the beginning date of Albert Einstein. The final word goal of the e book was to convey to Australia C P Snow’s envisaged super-technology within the type of a human-survival medical science. The Head of the Chinese language Stable State Physics Delegation attending the assembly, China’s most extremely awarded physicist, Kun Huang, offered Pope with a analysis methodology to switch Einstein’s world-view with a view to accommodate the human survival theories of Sir C P Snow. The proposed analysis prompt the compilation of formulae primarily based upon Snow’s emphasis on linking the mathematical logic upholding Classical artwork idea with trendy science. The related geometrical simulations have been for use to generate life-form simulations by way of space-time, utilizing the world’s seashell fossil file to offer rigorous evolutionary proof statements supporting Snow’s work.
Robert Pope’s Science-Artwork theories have been talked about within the prestigious encyclopaedia ‘Artists and Galleries of Australia and New Zealand’, together with a copy of a Pope ‘Centralian Desertscape’.
The Institution of the First Science-Artwork Centre
1980: Robert Pope established his first Science-Artwork Centre in South Australia to allow the implementation of Kun Huang’s modification to Einstein’s mathematical world-view construction with a view to exhibit how Buckminster Fuller’s synergistic universe embraced the survival theories of C P Snow. The Centre’s mathematician Chris Illert commenced work on growing Science-Artwork arithmetic with a view to generate super-computer pictures associated to seashell evolution. Classical-art idea was derived on sacred geometry golden-mean arithmetic, discovered within the building of seashell life varieties. Evolutionary modifications to those sacred geometry designs of seashells was held to be attributable to artistic physics legal guidelines which Robert Pope declared to be performing negentropically towards infinity, in defiance of Einstein’s world view.
The Science-Artwork Centre’s Analysis
1981: The artist Robert Todonai joined the Centre as Pope’s protege, learning the mathematical construction of Mandelbrot’s 1980 discovery of fractal logic. Collectively, the artists liaised with Dr George R. Cockburn, Royal Fellow of Drugs (London), with a view to acquire perception into the fractal logic concerned within the functioning of inventive creation throughout the human cerebral functioning. They concurred that the dwelling course of interacted with the entropic power system as was additionally proposed by the 1937 Nobel Laureate in Drugs, Szent Gyorgyi, whose theories have been upheld by C P Snow. They started to look at points of the workings of the molecule of emotion found in 1972 by Dr Candace Pert. Dr Cockburn and Robert Pope delivered a joint paper on the 1981 Australia and New Zealand Affiliation for the Development of Science (ANZAAS) Convention. The Australian Commonwealth Division of International Affairs enormously honoured Robert Pope by reproducing certainly one of his Science-Artwork work on the entrance cowl of its International Affairs Report and publishing his world peace theories therein.
1986: The Science-Artwork Analysis Centre had revealed a number of books by Dr Cockburn, linking most cancers to the evolution of consciousness and he organized for his artist colleague Robert Pope to obtain an Artist-in-Residency on campus on the College of Sydney, to work alongside a most cancers analysis staff. Pope’s theories have been included right into a most cancers analysis paper revealed by the College Information. Throughout the paper the artist predicted the significance of the Centre’s life-energy arithmetic being developed by its mathematician. Eminent physicists, infuriated over an artist daring to switch Albert Einstein’s entropic world-view, tried in useless to have his feedback eliminated. The following furore made the entrance web page of the Sydney Morning Herald through which Robert Pope was deemed a shame to the college’s scientific repute.
!988: Robert Pope’s medical supervisor on the Queen Elizabeth II Analysis Institute for Moms and Infants was interviewed by the Science Author for the Australian Medical Observer, Dr Calvin Miller. Pope’s theories have been acclaimed for asking the proper questions in direction of the potential instigation of a ‘New Renaissance’ of scientific thought resulting in the implementation of Sir C P Snow’s theories, (later, in 2012 the envisaged worldwide Renaissance got here into existence in affiliation with the event of quantum biology on the College of Florence). On account of this help from the medical world, Pope obtained an additional Artist-in-Residency within the type of the 1989 Dorothy Knox Award for Distinguished Individuals on the Dunmore Lang School: Macquarie College.
1989: Robert Pope’s and Robert Todonai’s proposed Australian Bicentennial Science-Artwork Exhibition in New York was cancelled as a consequence of intense covert scientific political lobbying in Canberra. Nonetheless, help from twelve Native South Australian Councils and members of State Parliament ensured that their Australian Bicentenial Exhibitions went forward. Their Centennial challenge was launched in Los Angeles beneath the auspices of the Hollywood Thalian Psychological Well being Organisation. Their work on the Hollywood Pacific Design Centre and on the unique Dyansen Galleries on Rodeo Drive, Beverly Hills earned them Decrees of Excellence within the Thalian Hollywood Stroll of Fame. Upon the return to Australia, Robert Pope obtained one other Artist-in-Residency from a university in Darwin, Australia.
1990: Two of the Centre’s Science-Artwork optical life-energy mathematical papers, beforehand revealed by Italy’s main scientific journal, Il Nuovo Cimento have been chosen for reprinting by The SPIE Milestone Collection of IEEE, the most important technological analysis institute on the planet. The papers have been acclaimed as essential discoveries from the 20th Century. This fully validated Robert Pope’s controversial prediction at Sydney College 4 years earlier. The Encyclopaedia Artists and Galleries of Australia, third Version, Vol., 2 featured a duplicate of a Robert Pope Science-Artwork portray hailed as ‘an unprecedented pictorial survey of most up-to-date attitudes and consolidated values’, by Dr Elwyn Lyn, AM, the artwork critic for the Australian and Chairman of the Visible Arts Board of Australia Council, repairing a lot of the harm attributable to the slanderous assaults upon his repute from throughout the Australian scientific institution.
1993: Robert Pope’s paper ‘A Self Funding Mannequin for Moral Scientific Analysis by way of the Arts’ was revealed by the Worldwide Journal for the Arts, Sciences and Expertise (LEONARDO), containing a supporting function written by Dr George Cockburn. This journal, previously, had been used to information Australian governmental cultural coverage. The current Ezine article is about implementing this funding mannequin for the sciences. Proceeds from artwork gross sales are to be paid to the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia Integrated as a non revenue organisation for the aim of serving to to generate the Fuller-Snow super-computer utilizing an analogous analysis methodology that was profitable with super-computers throughout the 1980s.
The Science-Artwork Centre: Authorized Scientific Analysis Standing
1995: The President of the Institute for Primary Analysis in America, Professor Ruggero Santilli, in collaboration with the Science-Artwork Centre’s mathematician, reworked the reprinted seashell arithmetic right into a life-energy physics format. This paper gained worldwide peer-reviewed approval for the invention of latest physics legal guidelines governing optimum organic development and improvement by way of space-time, as predicted by China’s Professor Kun Huang sixteen years earlier. The Australian Federal Authorities awarded the Science-Artwork Centre an Authorized Scientific Analysis Standing after it was confirmed that organised scientific objections to this had been primarily based upon incorrect assumptions. The Lord Mayor of the Tweed Shire in New South Wales, formally opened the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre’s stone Fort on The Hill overlooking the Tweed Valley close to Mt Warning, constructed by the artists Robert Pope and Robert Todonai as a logo of a New Renaisannce.
1996: Robert Pope obtained a full professorial title from the American Primary Analysis institute. Alarmed by the final dismissal of Sir C P Snow’s theories by Australian universities he wrote to the United Nations Secretariat claiming that Australia was unintentionally committing a serious crime in opposition to humanity for ignoring Snow’s warning of impending catastrophe by basing Australian tradition upon an unbalanced scientific world-view (Registered within the Australian Nationwide Archives). Consequently the grievance was handed to the United Nations College Millennium Venture Futures Analysis and Improvement Organisation. A peer reviewed investigation was instigated by its Australasian Node. This resulted in a later Decree of Excellence being awarded to Professor Robert Pope from the Australian Futures Research and Improvement Division.
1999: Following the demise of the Centre’s Bio-Aesthetician Dr Cockburn, his most cancers analysis theories have been reviewed in depth by the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia. It was discovered that entropic arithmetic belonging to the Einsteinian world-view can’t generate wholesome undistorted life-form simulations by way of space-time because the Centre’s Science-Artwork arithmetic did. C P Snow’s widening anti-life gulf between trendy science and inventive creativity was related to the rationale of entropic scientific thought being in fixed battle with the negentropic disposition of the molecule of emotion. Dr Cockburn’s work was seen to elucidate points of inventive creativity by way of asymmetrical electromagnetic optical cerebral exercise. By viewing science-art work by way of glasses with asymmetrical electromagnetic lensing, the pictures depicted holographic properties. The identical phenomenon occurred when viewing laptop generated photos throughout the e book The Fantastic thing about Fractals-Photographs of Complicated Dynamical Programs. The Centre’s discovery upgraded the conclusion within the chapter written by Professor Gert Eilenberger, entitled Freedom, Science and Aesthetics, which was about establishing Snow’s bridge linking the cultures of science and artwork by way of quantum biology. Eilenberger concluded his chapter by stating: ‘That’s a part of the thrill surrounding these photos. They exhibit that out of analysis an internal connection, a bridge, might be made between rational scientific perception and emotional aesthetic enchantment; these two modes of cognition of the human species are starting to concur of their estimation of what constitutes nature’. The scientists nevertheless, didn’t know in regards to the nature of the cerebral functioning of the Platonic Fullerene optical engineering arithmetic that Fuller had positioned into his synergistic world-view. Nonetheless, the Science-Artwork artists had found this information by themselves.
2000: Most people voted into existence Science-Artwork symbols on the Science-Artwork Centre’s Science-Artwork Competition within the Tweed Valley of Northern New South Wales. These symbols later have been to grow to be a part of the paintings supporting the 2012 cloth of Florence College’s New Measurement of Humanity Venture.
2001: Following Professor Pope’s Science-Artwork lecture at Cambridge College throughout 2000, Chinese language scientists who attended, realised that he had enormously honoured China’s best physicist. Pope was invited by the Chinese language Authorities to lecture at Chinese language Universities. A file of his tackle as visitor of honour on the opening of the Artwork School at Yangzhou College contained the assertion: ‘Evolutionary route is offered by the continually altering shapes of the evolving protein (inside DNA), which when measured, demonstrates that it’s evolving towards common infinity.’ This idea, after all, is inconceivable throughout the Einsteinian world-view. A decade afterward the 18th of February, 2011, Cornell College Library within the USA introduced a quantum organic discovery by two Chinese language scientists. That they had used arithmetic to explain why proteins in DNA have been enfolded in a wierd approach in defiance of 20th Century understanding of the second legislation of thermodynamics. This linked uneven electromagnetic engineering rules into the development of C P Snow’s bridge between science and artwork. Later, most cancers researchers within the USA developed Szent-Gyorgyi’s theories through which asymmetrical electromagnetic carbon signalling, related to Snow’s entropy versus negentropy theories, sustained the Centre’s determination to make the Snow-bridge a medical science to information ennobling authorities, an idea envisaged by the greek thinker Aristotle.
2004: The Science-Artwork Centre’s Public Occasions Supervisor, Irene Brown, in liaison with the New South Wales State Ministry for The Arts and the Tweed Shire Metropolis of the Arts House Venture, organised the 2004 Science-Artwork Competition. For 2 months, worldwide and native artists, scientists, environmentalists and the area people met to debate, debate and interpret the synergy of artwork and science. The Centre produced a sequential program together with: boards and debate; artistic observe; and an exhibition of outcomes and disciplines by way of the Chinese language Science-Artwork Exhibition (The Ministry for the Arts together with the Tweed Shire had flown over from Nanjing College a Science-Artwork delegation from its Division of Aeronautics). Throughout three seminars visitor audio system lectured of their subject of experience on the themes of an infinite universe (opposite to the Einsteinian world-view). The design of symbols, textual content and artworks interpreted human values derived from C P Snow’s Classical Arts, as have been encompassed by the Platonic ‘Science for moral ends’. Specifically, the Chinese language Delegation accompanied by the Cultural Officer from the Chinese language Embassy in Canberra, the Director of the Australian Sustainability Institute and Professor Pope, mentioned the Fullerene-Snow theories for world peace, agreeing that Buckminster Fuller’s World Recreation Principle could possibly be one way or the other carried out to attain Fuller’s goal to ‘make the world work, for 100% of humanity, within the shortest potential time, by way of spontaneous cooperation, with out ecological offence or the drawback of anybody’.
2005: The Head of the Chinese language Delegation, Professor Cam Ming, returned to Australia beneath the auspices of the Southern Cross College. His earlier enthusiasm in regards to the idea of C P Snow’s bridging of the 2 cultures seemed to be considerably subdued upon his return to Australia though the Science-Artwork Centre’s Fort featured on the entrance cowl of his biography e book revealed in China. He appeared unable to echo the previous spirit of confidence that existed throughout the Chinese language Artwork Administration encountered by Professor Pope in China throughout 2001 when he had been awarded a professorial honour. It was as if the Chinese language academic system had lastly bowed to the inevitable entropic logic of science that C P Snow and Buckminster Fuller had warned about. The Science-Artwork Centre then started to concentrate on serving to to create a super-computer program to improve the Fullerene Chemistry that the three 1996 Nobel Laureates in Chemistry had chosen to grow to be the premise of their new medical science and expertise. The upgrading of the pc program to be known as Platonic Fullerene Chemistry, embracing the varied types of forbidden negentropic, asymmetrical, electromagnetic logic that nanotechnology was starting to find existed.
2006 – 2008: The Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia started to focus upon Immanuel Kant’s electromagnetic ethic for perpetual peace on earth. His idea of space-time had been modified by the Centre’s discovery of latest physics governing optimum organic development by way of space-time. Kant’s definition of aesthetics because the philosophy of artwork appreciation was logical, however his electromagnetic ethic, though derived from the Platonic ‘Science for moral ends’ was not in accord to its a priori physics rules. The traditional moral Greek ‘Knowledge Via Magnificence’ alluded to an entanglement between the visible results attributable to the energies of Einsteinian chaos and the Platonic religious (holographic) optics of evolutionarty intelligence. Einstein wouldn’t permit the mythogogical arithmetic to exist that Plato allowed to signify actuality earlier than the Egyptian creator god Atum (Atom) proclaimed ‘Let there be gentle’. The seriousness of this may be defined: A portray of a mountainside coated by majestic waterfalls produces emotion-forming substances that result in appreciation of the entropic destruction of the mountain’. Hidden inside that course of additionally lies the important thing to C P Snow’s appreciation of the Classical idea of ‘Knowledge Via Magnificence’: To a younger German youth passing by way of puberty, the appreciation of the fantastic thing about a blond, blue eyed German lady could have a strong aesthetically pleasing impression, however when related to the ravings of an entropy-worshipping Hitler, the emotional end result, which lacks Platonic love, can by no means be thought of to be moral.
C P Snow’s moral values belonged to the Platonic custom of Greek philosophy, which for over 2 hundred years fused ethics into Anaxagoras’ idea of creation primarily based upon historic Egyptian mythological, sacred-geometrical arithmetic. This resulted within the institution of the atomistic Platonic Science for moral ends throughout the third century BC in Greece, and the Centre continued to publish books on this topic. Einstein, then again, was thought of to have developed his idea of relativity from what he known as the mythological-mathematics belonging to the traditional Babylonian empire (in 2012, the Centre positioned a e book revealed in 1957 by the New York College Library, entitled ‘Babylonian Fable to Trendy Science’, which argued likewise). Plato and different philosophers corresponding to Philo, Hesoid, Plotinus and Al Haitham argued that using the optics of imaginative and prescient to achieve information of common actuality would result in the emergence of the harmful properties of unformed matter throughout the bodily atom. Plato’s geometrical logic upholding that idea was derived from his axiom that ‘all is geometry’. The Egyptian metaphysical moral ethos developed by Plato was about stopping the universe from reverting to chaos. By putting ethics into the Greek creator fable of Anaxagoras, derived from the Egyptian one, its mathematical construction grew to become what’s now recognised as an expression of a posh fractal dynamical system: the logic of which extends to infinity. Conversely, Einstein’s idea of visible observer participancy, being the premise of quantum mechanics, produced E = MC squared, the image of the harmful chaos that Sir C P Snow thought of to be unfit to control trendy science.
2009: The artist-philosopher Robert Pope and the Science-Artwork Centre’s former mathematician, Chris Illert, each obtained Gold Medal Laureate awards from the Telesio Galilei Academy of Science-London.
The 21st Century Renaissance
2010: The ’21st Century Renaissance’ got here into being on the 24th of September when the Giorgio Napolitano Medal was awarded to Professor Massimo Pregnolato and Professor Paolo Manzelli on behalf of the Republic of Italy for his or her quantum organic discoveries. Their ‘third Quantumbionet Workshop, 2010, recognised that their work was a part of the Florentine New Measurement of Humanity Venture performed by Professor Paolo Manzelli, Professor Massimo Pregnolato and Professor Robert Pope’. The prediction that Robert Pope’s theories would assist set up a New Renaissance, revealed within the Australian Medical Observer in 1988, written by its Science Author, Dr Calvin Miller, had come true.
2011: The Professor of Electrical Engineering, Wolfgang Weber, the previous Head of the Improvement Sector within the AEF-Telefunken Institute of Automated Management in Germany, recipient of the 1985 Albert Einstein Order of Honour and recipient of the 1998 Humboldt-Plaque of the Humboldt Society of Science Artwork and Training, proclaimed Professor Robert Pope as being a World authority on bringing to fruition the blueprint for the constriction of Sir C P Snow’s bridge, uniting the tradition of science with the tradition of artwork. The discoverer of the electromagnetic subject, Hans Christian Oersted had primarily based his Doctoral Dissertation upon Immanuel Kants seek for the electromagnetic ethic. Friedrich Schelling had modified Kant’s space-time theories by making the physics rules upholding the traditional Platonic Science for Moral Ends, the precedence idea to Kant’s world-view. On account of this, the work of these scientists who proposed the electromagnetic motor driving the sperm to the ovum, was taken under consideration. Upon entry into the ovum the feminine electromagnetic subject was held to morph that motor into the centriole, which in flip, energises the primary bone created within the embryo with the identical seashell life-energy forces found by the Science-Artwork Analysis Centre throughout the 1980s. The resonating electromagnetic Platonic ‘Music of the Spheres’ containing the moral function of the universe was then transmitted to the cerebral and emotional mechanisms throughout the human metabolism as documented by Texas College’s Dr Richard Merrick in his e book ‘Interference’. The Science-Artwork Analysis Centre’s sole goal then, was to assist in the development of the Fuller-Snow super-computer. Immanuel Kant’s envisioned base for his predicted League of Nations had been modified to improve Aristotle’s moral science to information ennobling authorities with a view to forestall civilisation from reverting to primordial chaos. Professor Robert Pope’s Platonic Fullerene Chemistry, as a medical science to develop a Artistic Physics human survival supra-technology, was given a agency authorized foundation by the Centre’s colleague Michael Byrne, Dr of Worldwide Regulation, supported as being additionally a medical science, by the Centre’s Medical Director Dr Peter Yaxley. Along with Professor Wolfgang Weber’s work all this analysis is taken into account the means to convey Sir C P Snow’s nice imaginative and prescient to life.
2012: The Science-Artwork Analysis Centre of Australia revealed its e book entitled ‘The 21st Century Renaissance’, which was given scientific appraisal in Europe and Britain beneath the auspices of the Telesio Galilei Academy of Science, in London and likewise in Italy and China beneath the auspices of the Florentine New Measurement of Humanity Venture.
© Professor Robert Pope, Advisor to the President Oceania and Australasia of the Institute for Theoretical Physics and Superior Arithmetic (IFM) Einstein-Galilei